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HTML History

  • Berners-Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in the last part of 1990.

  • The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called "HTML Tags", first mentioned on the Internet by Berners-Lee in late 1991

  • After the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed "HTML 2.0“

  • January 1997 - HTML 3 was published as a W3C Recommendation

  • December 1997 - HTML 4.0 was published as a W3C Recommendation

  • The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) is a community of people interested in evolving HTML and related technologies. The WHATWG was founded by individuals from Apple, the Mozilla Foundation and Opera Software in 2004

  • The WHATWG was formed in response to the slow development of web standards monitored by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), and its decision to abandon HTML in favor of XML-based technologies.

  • On 10 April 2007, the Mozilla Foundation, Apple, and Opera Software proposed that the new HTML working group of the W3C adopt the WHATWG’s HTML5 as the starting point of its work and name its future deliverable "HTML5“

  • In May 2011, the working group advanced HTML5 to "Last Call“

  • The W3C is developing a comprehensive test suite to achieve broad interoperability for the full specification by 2014, which is now the target date for Recommendation

  • As of January 2012, the specification is in Working Draft state at the W3C. Ian Hickson of Google is the editor of HTML5

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